The Remnant, Gifts & Protocol, Silver Cups & Poverty: A Historical Perspective on Intercessory Prayer for Native America


Historical Events / Anniversaries:

July 14, 1896: Jerry Potts died: Mixed Blood Interpreter

July 14, 1896: Chief Ben Christmas born: Mixed Blood Interpreter

Scripture References:

Genesis 45:7, Ezra 9:1-15, Acts 14:1, Acts 18:4, Acts 19:17, Acts 20:21, Romans 3:9
Jews & Gentiles:
Isaiah 57:19, Acts 10:45, Acts 26:23, 1 Corinthians 1:23-24, Galatians 2:1-21
Genesis 42:23, Genesis 45:12, Job 33:23, Matthew 13:52, Matthew 23:34, Acts 15:32
Leaven vs Unleavened (leaven= unclean):
Exodus 12, Exodus 13:3, Leviticus 2:12, Leviticus 23:17, Amos 4:5, Matthew 13:33, Matthew 16, Mark 8:15, 1 Corinthians 5:6-8, Galatians 5:9
Dark vs Light: Genesis 1:4, 2 Samuel 22:29, Job 12:22, Psalm 18:28, John 5:1
Salt vs No Salt (salt = preservation): Matthew 12:17; Too much Genesis 19:26
Mixed Incense: Exodus 30:35 – mixed and pure and sacred.
Flour & Meal: 1 Kings 4:22
True & False Measures: Deuteronomy 25:14-15
3 Strand Cord – Ecclesiastics 4:12.

Prayer Regarding The Remnant

“Abba Father, Great Mystery and Sovereign One, You created all people, in their uniqueness and individuality. You created tribes, bands, clans and nations. You created all mankind from one man and woman. You, through Your divine power, mercy, justice and compassion, created all races, tongues and peoples according to Your perfect will. When faced with the extinction of a people, You have miraculously preserved a remnant. Some call them half-breeds, mixed bloods, breeds, half-bloods, and many other derogatory names. You call them blessed. Your Word is full of stories, practices and commands regarding the blending of peoples and practices. Even with all of the instruction, only You know how and when to rightly discern Your ways. People, in their pride and arrogance, have used Scripture to justify the persecution of people groups and those who intermarry. They use Your word to justify murder, control, manipulation, persecution and destruction of other peoples, other than themselves, as well as those who are from multiple races. Yet, Your Word is not that black and white. There were times You allowed mixing and also desired it. Your Word talks about Jews & Gentiles, Dark & Light, Leaven & Unleavened, Clean and Unclean, Preserved and Unpreserved, Salted and not Salted, Flour & Meal, True & False Measures, Mixing Incense … The list goes on. Sometimes You in Your great purpose commanded Your people not to mix. Other times You allowed it. Illustration after illustration. What it comes down to is not race, creed or color. It comes down to heart. Your Word also discusses the distinguished positions of interpreters of Your word and Your voice, interpreters of languages, interpreters of cultures. You created interpreters. You created those who can walk in more than one world at a time. They are made in Your image for Your good purpose. Father, we thank You for preserving a remnant among the indigenous peoples. We thank You for giving them unique purposes and callings. We thank You for their special gifts and talents. We thank You for giving Your remnants the special strength and courage to persevere. Father, forgive You people for their foolishness in despising those who are born of multiple cultures and bloods. Father, remove the curses in North America that continue to bind people in brokenness and pride through judgment and non-acceptance. We pray that you will raise up all of your remnants as mixed, pure and sacred beings. We pray that you will give them the power to facilitate change, hope and healing, according to Your perfect will and that you will give them the strength of a 3-strand cord. We pray that You will convict the hearts of those who strive, unjustly, against those of mixed heritage or those of indigenous heritage. We pray that You will open their hearts and minds to see other people as You see them. Father, we pray for Your perfect will for the remnants of tribal people in North America. ”


Historical References / Anniversaries:

July 8, 1762: King of England Gifted Indigenous People

“After much delay, on July 8, 1762, Ostenaco was received by King George III, who presented him with many gifts including a silver gorget inscribed with the Cherokee’s name. The Cherokee leader had prepared a speech, but Timberlake couldn’t interpret the language well enough and Ostenaco decided against giving it. The audience lasted for more than an hour and a half and the Cherokee delegation found themselves impressed with the King and his disposition towards them. As the meeting was coming to an end, a nerve-tattered Timberlake looked over at Ostenaco and his face went white when he realized the Cherokee leader had taken out his pipe and was preparing to offer the King a smoke. He quickly explained to the Cherokee that it was not the custom at court to do so and Ostenaco, who thought about it for a moment, agreed and put his pipe away.”

“In May 1762, Timberlake, Sumter, and three distinguished Cherokee leaders, including Ostenaco, departed for London. Arriving in early June, the Cherokee were an immediate attraction, drawing crowds all over the city. The poet Oliver Goldsmith waited for three hours to meet the Cherokee, and offered a gift to Ostenaco. They sat for Sir Joshua Reynolds to take their portraits, and they met personally with King George III. The Cherokee returned to North America with Sergeant Sumter on about 25 August 1762.”

Compare to May-Sept 1730 when Cherokee were not offered food.

“McRae does mention that the Cherokees were disappointed not to have been offered any food during the ceremony and festivities.”
(Also note the many references throughout the article of how the English host considered his Cherokee guests as a burden and continually sought others to take responsibility.)

Scripture References:

Genesis 14:12-24 (vs 18-20), 2 Samuel 11:8, 2 Samuel 19:42, 1 Kings 10:13, 2 Chronicles 32:23, Esther 2:18, Psalm 72:10, Proverbs 29:4, Daniel 2:48, Daniel 5:17, Hosea 8:10, Hebrews 7.

Prayer Regarding Gifts & Protocol

“Yahweh, Great Gift Giver, You established all things on two principles: Protocol and Gifts. Your law is protocol and Your grace is gifts. By accepting Your Gift, Christ Jesus, and Your Protocol, Your Word, we gain access to You for eternity. Since the beginning of time, You have woven Your principles and prophecies of protocol and the Sacred Gift, into the traditions and stories of every people group in the world. As Christians, we seek direction in Scripture. Your Scripture is full of protocol and gifting. Sometimes there are stories that prophetically point to Your Son. Sometimes there are instructions for practical living. Sometimes there are directions in how to treat others. Even spiritual people outside of Christianity understand the importance of offering and accepting gifts and protocols. They are some of the most basic rules for community living. Yet, Father, it breaks our hearts as we learn how many times people despised and ignored Your principles of protocol and gifting. There are even times when people purposefully misinterpreted the intent of cross-cultural protocol and gifting to promote their own cause. As we look through history, we find that more often than not, in documented accounts, the non-indigenous people were at fault, even to the point of refusing the protocols and gifts of other peoples or actually exploiting them. We even learn how Your people used Your Sacred Word and the name of Your Sacred Gift for their own purposes. In so doing, they broke protocol and presented an unclean gift. Father, we recognize the importance of shining Your light on these practices covered in darkness. We seek Your Face and ask that You would remove the curses brought about by evil practices that defile gifts and protocols. We pray that You would deliver Your indigenous people out from under tremendous sorrow and woundedness caused by these trespasses. We pray that You would deliver Your non-indigenous people out from under the tremendous cloud of pride and selfishness that have prospered from these trespasses. We pray that You would cleanse, renew and restore the practices of protocol and gifting. We pray that Your people would accept and pursue opportunities to demonstrate protocol and gifting. Through these principles, we pray that You will breath Life into the peoples of North America. We pray You will restore hope and prosperity. We pray that the message that the Church brings about Your Sacred Protocol and Your Sacred Gift will no longer be defiled, but will be blessed and powerful, bringing glory to Your name. We pray for Your perfect will regarding gifts and protocol in North America. ”


Historical Events / Anniversaries:

July 16, 1585: Missing Silver Cup

A copy of a written account says:

” July 3 we sent word of our arriving at Wocokon to Wingina [the Indian chief] at Roanoak. The 16. one of the savages having stolen from us a silver cup, we burnt and spoyled their come and towne, all the people being fled. . . . The 27. our Fleete ankered at Haterask, and there we rested. The 25. August our Generall weyed anker, and set saile for England.”

Where was the Church in 1585? Check out this timeline.

Note the early existence of the Anglicans, Lutherans, Presbyterians, Calvinism, Reformed Churches and Anabaptists. I bring this up because I have always wondered how North American history can so closely resemble OT & NT history, yet some US Christians since the early 1500s have acted as if they were oblivious to Biblical principles. I do keep in mind that the Bible for the common people, the King James Version, was not available until after 1611. Yet, we can be certain that the story of Joseph, the silver cup and how he was discovered by his brothers, was well known to those studying Hebrew, Greek and Latin, etc. If not by the common Christians, I would think by the scholars both Jew and Gentile.

Scripture References:

Genesis 44:1-34, Genesis 45:1-10. Psalm 43:1, Psalm 82:2, Isaiah 10:1, Matthew 5:37-39, Matthew 10:42. Jeremiah 25:15, Mark 14:36, Luke 22:17. ( I read one account that said ‘silver’ is a symbol of redemption and that the ‘cup’ was a symbol of Joseph’s gift of discernment and calling as a interpreter of God’s word and voice.)

Prayer Regarding Silver Cups

“Abba Father, as we meditate on what You have revealed to us about gifts and protocol, we seek You Face on how to pray regarding the incidences of ‘silver cups’ in history and in Scripture, knowing that there is no such thing as coincidence. In Your Word, You show us the story of Joseph and how he used his silver cup used for rightly discerning Your voice and dreams. Some say that it was prophetic or symbolic that he used this silver cup and initiating dialog with his family. Yet, in this dialog, he falsely accused and threatened to kill and enslave his family members. In the end, the family was reconciled to one another. In 1585, there was another event. Non-indigenous people accused indigenous people of stealing a silver cup. The indigenous village was burned. In Scripture, the cup was used as a tool to bring about redemption. In North American history, the cup was used as a tool to bring about destruction. What comes to mind is how the evil one, who knows Scripture and who steals, kills and destroys, was allowed to influence man to use something meant for good as a tool for evil. Father, forgive us for choosing destruction over redemption. Forgive us for being instruments of death instead of instruments of life. In Scripture there are references of a cup of wrath, Christ’s cup of sacrifice and the cup of communion and the cup of cold water meant to refresh even the least of your people. Ultimately, You determine if a cup holds life or death. Forgive Your people for making those decisions and acting on them. Father, we pray that You will restore all that has been lost through mankind serving death to one another. We pray that You will prosper and all that has been seeded through mankind serving life to one another. We pray Father that the gifts of rightly discerning Your will and ways in North America will be restored. We pray that the silver cup for North America will be restored. We pray that the fighting between peoples in North America, over the procession of the silver cup, will cease. We pray that all peoples will share in the gift and as one will be a good steward of the gift. Father we ask that You will bring forth the fullness of Your redemption for North America. We ask that You will forgive Your people for trying to steal and possess the gift as their own, choosing when and how to administer man’s redemption. We pray that You would heal all those wounded by the administering and accepting of man’s redemption. We pray Father that You will pour out the fullness of Your redemption upon North America, bringing about new life. We pray for Your perfect will regarding the Silver Cup and North America. “


Historical Events / Anniversaries:

July 3, 1833: US Marshall arrives to remove squatters from Indigenous lands.

“Outrageous frauds followed, as white speculators swarmed into the nation buying
up or fraudulently stealing land rights from individual Creek families. Squatters moved
onto Indian lands, often forcing families from their own homes. The Creeks appealed to
Washington for help and President Andrew Jackson sent Francis Scott Key, the writer of
the National Anthem to investigate. Key found whole towns growing on Indian lands and
documented numerous cases of fraud.”

“The situation, however, was out of control and despite the efforts of Key and Deputy
U.S. Marshal Jeremiah Austill, the flood of whites pouring into the Creek Nation could
not be stopped. Tensions grew and as Creek leaders expressed their outrage over the
situation, speculators began to foment tales of a planned uprising in the Nation.”

“They got what the wanted. In the spring of 1836, the Yuchi, Hitchiti and other bands
launched a campaign to drive white intruders from their lands. Led by the Yuchi warrior Jim Henry and the aging Hitchiti chief Neamathla, the war parties burned homes and farms, killed whole families, disrupted the mail stages and destroyed the town of Roanoke, Georgia by burning it to the ground.”

July 1, 1876: Phil Konstantin, in his book, This Day In North American Indian History, states that there was a report issued by the government indicating that the Native population on the Malheur Reservation was 762, but they were only receiving rations for 454.

July 17, 1973: Phil Konstantin, in his book, This Day In North American Indian History, states that the 1973 U.S. Census Bureau showed that the 1969 median income for American Indian households was $5,832, compared to the national figure of $9,590. Looking at percentages, American Indians 40% below the poverty line, national average 14% and Blacks 32 %.

Wikipedia offers a look at 2010.

Scripture References:

God’s sovereignty in relieving poverty – Genesis 45:11
Release others from poverty / restore their inheritance – Leviticus 25:10
Help those who are poor – Leviticus 25:35
Poverty as consequence – Proverbs 13:18, Proverbs 14:23, Proverbs 20:13, Proverbs 23:21, Proverbs 28:19
God is bigger than poverty – Proverbs 30:8, 2 Corinthians 8:2, Revelation 2:9
Sacrifice in spite of poverty – Mark 12:42-44
Christ became poor – 2 Corinthians 8:9
Judgment as a stronghold – Luke 6:41-42
Authority as a stronghold – Exodus Chapter 7-10.

Prayer Regarding Poverty

“Yahweh, Great Provider, I hear so many times from Your indigenous people who are burdened down by prophetic words regarding prosperity and deliverance from poverty. Evangelists, Teachers, Preachers, Pastors, Prophets and Apostles stream into Indigenous communities with words of hope, faith, edification and admonition. Yet, these words are a heavy burden. Your indigenous people feel frustrated, depressed, discouraged, and let down, because they have not witnessed revival and prosperity come to their communities. On top of that, well meaning Believers challenge the faith, integrity and convictions of the indigenous people, adding to the burden. Oh, mighty and wonderful Father. Please have mercy on Your indigenous people. Give discernment and understanding to the non-indigenous people. Bring an end to this devastating circle of despair. Let the non-indigenous people know that there are other powers and principalities that need to come down. Let the indigenous voice be heard. Father, bring an end to the spiritual abuse. Open the eyes of Your people that they might see the true strongholds that need to be taken down. Father, reveal the historical injustices where Your indigenous people were denied food, denied property, denied rights, denied water, denied clothes, denied opportunity, denied freedom, denied hope, denied prosperity, denied recognition, denied support, denied equality. Father, Your indigenous people want to receive Your prosperity and deliverance. They want Your hope and life. Yet, the very people who condemn Your indigenous people for not living good enough or believing good enough, are the ones in control of the oppression and prosperity. The non-indigenous community continually puts the burden on the indigenous community to change. Yet, the non-indigenous community has all the economic, social, and governmental power. Father, we pray You bring an end to the hypocrisy. We pray You bring an end to the spiritual abuse. We pray that the focus of the Church will not be on the speck in their brother’s eye, but on the log in their own eye. Father, we pray that the Church will let Your people go! We pray that they will let go of the supernatural power was stolen from the indigenous people. Father, we pray that You will reveal the true strongholds that need to be removed that Your indigenous people will be delivered from poverty and will receive Your provision and prosperity according to Your perfect will.”

Rev. Jeny Running Brook Covill
First Nations Monday

(Note: This is a study that was originally prepared in July 2012 in partnership with NIAP Prayer Shield)

Books Used in this 12 Month Study

The Holy Bible in the following translations: KJV, NIV, Amplified, NASB, CEV and The Scriptures.

“Church History in Plain Language” by Bruce L. Shelley

“Encyclopedia of Native American Wars & Warfare”. General Editors William B. Kessel, Ph.D. and Robert Wooster, Ph.D.

“This Day In North American Indian History” by Phil Konstantin

As with the First Nations Monday prayer and Scripture studies, I like to study with 5 translations. As you go through these studies, I encourage you to do the same. “The Scriptures” is a translation that includes the original Hebrew names and has the books in chronological order. The Contemporary English Version (CEV) is a translation that is written for ‘oral tradition’ peoples and it flows well while reading it aloud. The Amplified version is one where meanings of words and phrases are ‘amplified’ for better understanding. The King James Version (KJV) is the translation that works well with Strong’s Concordance. The Complete Jewish Bible (CJB) is a great companion version that I find gives great insight.


First Nations Version Project
A retelling of the Sacred Scriptures for Native Americans and all English speaking Indigenous peoples.

Cherokee Bible Project – ONLINE – New Testament

Cherokee Bible Project – ONLINE – Old Testament

Cherokee Bible Project Titles in Book form:
(A joint mission of the Cherokee Bible Project and Four Rivers Native American Church)
Genesis in Cherokee
Haggai in Cherokee
Jonah in Cherokee
100 Days Of Indigenous Wisdom
Cherokee New Testament
New Cherokee Hymnal
Matthew’s Gospel in Cherokee
Mark’s Gospel in Cherokee
Luke’s Gospel in Cherokee
John’s Gospel in Cherokee
The Acts of the Apostles in Cherokee
ROMANS in Cherokee
JAMES to JUDE in Cherokee
John’s Revelation in Cherokee
Pastoral Epistles in Cherokee (coming)
General Epistles in Cherokee (coming)

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